Last update:
2020-11-11

Nagan Raya Coal-fired Power Plant, Aceh Province, Indonesia

The Nagan Raya/Meulaboh coal-fired power plant is building two new units, but has seen much opposition from the local population due to issues of land compensation and its effect on air and water quality in the area.


Description:

The Nagan Raya Power Plant (also known as the Meulaboh Power Plant) is a 2x110MW coal-fired power plant with a further capacity of 2x200MW under construction. It is located next to the city of Meulaboh in Suak Puntong Village, Kuala Pesisir District in the Nagan Raya Regency of Aceh Province, Indonesia. 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Nagan Raya Coal-fired Power Plant, Aceh Province, Indonesia
Country:Indonesia
State or province:Aceh
Location of conflict:Suak Puntong Village, Kuala Pesisir District, Nagan Raya Regency
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Land
Electricity
Coal
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The power plant currently has a capacity of 220MW divided over two 110MW units, with a further 400 MW, divided over two 200MW units, on the way. It uses a 275 kV transmission network to deliver an electricity supply of approximately 2,803GWh/year [4]. This energy makes its way to a number of regencies in Aceh – including Aceh Jaya, West Aceh, Southwest Aceh, and Nagan Raya – although this has recently been called into question (see case description) [20] [21]. The two units currently in operation use an average of 50,000 tons of coal/month, 90% of which is shipped from Kalimantan to the plant, with the other 10% coming from the more local Mifa Bersaudara coal mine [18].

Project area:50
Level of Investment:847,400,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:Approximately 850
Start of the conflict:05/09/2018
Company names or state enterprises:Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PT PLN Persero) from Indonesia - First commissioned the plant. The plant is obliged to deliver electricity to the PLN for a time period of 25 years after completion of units 3 and 4
Sinohydro Corporation Limited (Sinohydro) from China - Contracted in 2008 to construct and operate units 1 and 2 of the power plant
Power Construction Corporation of China (PowerChina) from China
PT Meulaboh Power Generation from Indonesia - The Special Purpose Company set up to oversee the construction and operation of the two new units
China Datang Overseas Investment from China - Stakeholder in PT Meulaboh Power Generation
PT Pembangunan Perumahan from Indonesia - Stakeholder in PT Meulaboh Power Generation through its subsidiary PP Energi
PP Energi from Indonesia - Stakeholder in PT Meulaboh Power Generation
PT Sumberdaya Sewatama from Indonesia - Stakeholder in PT Meulaboh Power Generation
PT Mifa Bersaudara from Indonesia - Runs the nearby Mifa Bersaudara coal mine in West Aceh
Relevant government actors:- Government of Indonesia (both generally, and more specifically the Ministry of Manpower)
- Nagan Raya Environmental and Sanitation Service (Dinas Lingkungan Hidup dan Kebersihan (DLHK))
- West Aceh Regency Government
International and Finance InstitutionsASBANDA Regional Development Bank Association from Indonesia
The Export-Import Bank of China (China Exim Bank) from China
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:- Indonesian Forum for the Environment (Walhi) - https://www.walhi.or.id/
- Suak Puntong Youth
- Aliansi Mahasiswa Peduli Lingkungan dan Sosial - AMPLAS (Student Alliance for Environmental and Social Concern)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Landless peasants
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Women
Student organization - Aliansi Mahasiswa Peduli Lingkungan dan Sosial - AMPLAS (Student Alliance for Environmental and Social Concern)
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Global warming
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Potential: Other environmental related diseases
Other Health impactsPotential respiratory and carcinogenic diseases, as well as developmental disorders
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Plant still under construction, despite continued opposition
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:There has been significant opposition towards the plant (especially the new units in construction) on behalf of the local population. However, the plant has not shown much willingness to engage with them or their demands. While locals will probably keep protesting, it is unclear how much influence this will have on the plant management’s decisions.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Law No. 32/2009 on Environmental Protection and Management - Law imposing environmental regulations, including the need for an environmental impact assessment/analysis (Amdal)
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[5] Serambi Indonesia (2013). PLTU Nagan Raya Mulai Pasok Listrik. Accessed 11th November, 2020.
[click to view]

[14] Serambi Indonesia (2019). Walhi: Kawal Pembangunan PLTU 3-4. Accessed October 30th, 2020.
[click to view]

[6] Medcom.id (2020). PLTU Pasok Kebutuhan Energi Masyarakat Aceh. Accessed 11th November, 2020.
[click to view]

[7] Modusaceh.co (2018). Rupanya, Batu Bara PLTU Nagan Raya Bukan dari PT. Mifa. Accessed 29th October, 2020.
[click to view]

[13] Rencong Post (2019). Limbah PLTU Jadi Penyebab Matinya Ikan di Nagan Raya. Accessed October 30th, 2020.
[click to view]

[8] Aceh Provincial Government (2016). Wagub Tinjau PLTU Nagan Raya. Accessed 11th November, 2020.
[click to view]

[9] Modusaceh.co (2018). Spanduk Protes Debu di Kawasan PLTU dan Mifa. Accessed 30th October, 2020.
[click to view]

[10] Aceh Journal National Network (2019). Warga Nagan Raya Ungkap Janji Palsu PLTU. Accessed 30th October, 2020.
[click to view]

[11] Aceh Portal (2020). Kontraktor Pelaksana Pembangunan PLTU 3-4 Abaikan Permintaan Warga Gelanggang Merak. Accessed October 30th, 2020.
[click to view]

[12] Wikipedia (n.d.). Suak Puntong. Accessed 28th October, 2020.
[click to view]

[17] Antara News Aceh (2019). Warga hentikan pembangunan PLTU 3-4 di Nagan Raya. Accessed 30th October, 2020.
[click to view]

[18] Serambi Indonesia (2019). Massa Lancarkan Aksi Protes PLTU di Nagan Raya, Ini Masalahnya. Accessed 30th October, 2020.
[click to view]

[1] DetikFinance (2012). PLN Bangun PLTU Pertama di Aceh Senilai Hampir RP 1 Triliun. Accessed 29th October, 2020.
[click to view]

[4] DetikFinance (2017). PLN Teken Jual-Beli Listrik PLTU Meulaboh 400 MW. Accessed 29th October, 2020.
[click to view]

[2] The Jakarta Post (2008). PLN signs $888m power contracts with Chinese firms. Accessed 29th October, 2020.
[click to view]

[15] Seuramoe Aceh (2019). Abai Terhadap Protes Warga, AMPLAS Kecam PLTU Nagan Raya. Accessed October 30th, 2020.
[click to view]

[3] Global Energy Monitor Wiki (n.d.). Nagan Raya power station. Accessed 28th October, 2020.
[click to view]

[16] Mongabay (2020). Tumpahan Batubara Cemari Pantai Nagan Raya, Walhi Aceh: Kerugian Lingkungan Harus Dihitung. Accessed 11th November, 2020.
[click to view]

[19] Serambi Indonesia (2019). Warga Tutup Jalan ke Proyek PLTU 3-4 di Nagan Raya, Aktivitas Truk Terganggu 4 Jam. Accessed October 30th, 2020.
[click to view]

[20] Antara News (2020). Massa tutup akses pintu masuk ke PLTU 1-4 di Nagan Raya Aceh. Accessed October 30th, 2020.
[click to view]

[23] DetikNews (2020). 78 WNA Kerja di Proyek PLTU Aceh, 29 di Antaranya Tak Kantongi Izin. Accessed 30th October, 2020.
[click to view]

[21] Serambi Indonesia (2019). Warga Stop Pengerjaan PLTU 3-4. Accessed October 30th, 2020.
[click to view]

[22] Serambi Indonesia (2019). Pembangunan PLTU Nagan Disorot. Accessed 30th October, 2020.
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:AK
Last update11/11/2020
Comments
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